Diabetes Education: Blood Sugar Levels

The sugar that is present in the bloodstream is known as glucose. Glucose is the main source of energy for the body and comes from carbohydrate foods. In a healthy person, this glucose performs its function perfectly and provides all the energy a person needs to live an active life. It is when there is either too much or too little glucose present in the blood stream that a person should be concerned. After we eat, the blood sugar levels in our bodies elevate. This elevation causes the pancreas to produce the hormone insulin. Insulin prevents blood sugar levels from reaching a dangerously high level (known as hyperglycemia). Without the effective distribution of insulin, high blood sugar levels can cause numerous complications. Having insufficient insulin and elevated blood sugar levels is known as diabetes. There are two major types of diabetes: type 1 and type 2. 

Type 1 indicates a complete lack of the hormone insulin in the body. Type 2 indicates that insulin is present in the body but it has become ineffective. People diagnosed with diabetes also have concern for low blood sugar levels (hypoglycemia). This is commonly the result of excessive insulin being administered via insulin therapy. Initial symptoms for this conditional include rapid heartbeat, anxiety and perspiration. If left untreated, then symptoms can increase in severity. For more information on this matter, please see the Health & Wellness section of our website.

One of the most important things you can do if you suffer form diabetes is to monitor your glucose levels. Left unmonitored, the increase or reduction of glucose will only serve to increase the severity of the condition. Please educate yourself on blood sugar and the research surrounding it by reading the following articles.